Rosacea is a chronic condition characterized by facial redness and sometimes pimples with a tendency to flush and blush easily. Rosacea affects all ages, and left untreated it worsens over time.
Rosacea typically begins as redness on the central face across the cheeks, nose, or forehead. In some cases, additional symptoms, such as semi-permanent redness, telangiectasia (dilation of superficial blood vessels on the face), red domed papules (small bumps) and pustules (pus-filled bumps) may develop.
Triggers that cause episodes of flushing and blushing play a part in the development of rosacea. Exposure to temperature extremes can cause the face to become flushed as well as strenuous exercise, heat from sunlight, severe sunburn, stress, anxiety, cold wind, and moving to a warm or hot environment from a cold one such as heated shops and offices during the winter. There are also some food and drinks that can trigger flushing, including alcohol, food and beverages containing caffeine (especially, hot tea and coffee), foods high in histamines (red wine, aged cheeses, yogurt, beer, cured pork products such as bacon), and spicy food.
Certain medications and topical irritants can quickly trigger rosacea. Some acne and wrinkle treatments that can cause rosacea include microdermabrasion and chemical peels, as well as Accutane and vitamin A derivatives (Differin, Retin-A and Tazorac). Steroid-induced rosacea is the term given to rosacea caused by the use of topical or nasal steroids.
A survey by the National Rosacea Society of 1,066 rosacea patients showed which factors affect the most people:
•Sun exposure 81%
•Emotional stress 79%
•Hot weather 75%
•Heavy exercise 56%
•Alcohol consumption 52%
•Hot baths 51%
•Cold weather 46%
•Spicy foods 45%
•Indoor heat 41%
•Certain skincare products 41%
•Heated beverages 36%
•Certain cosmetics 27%
•Medications (specifically stimulants) 15%
•Medical conditions 15%
•Certain fruits 13%
•Marinated meats 10%
•Certain vegetables 9%
•Dairy products 8%
Intestinal bacteria may play a role in causing the disease. This may also explain the improvement in symptoms experienced by some patients when given a reduced carbohydrate diet. Such a diet would restrict the available material necessary for bacterial fermentation and thereby reduce intestinal bacterial populations. (See our Acne Candida Diet on Pinterest)
Trigger avoidance can help reduce the onset of rosacea but alone will not normally cause remission for all but mild cases. It is sometimes recommended that a journal be kept to help identify and reduce food and beverage triggers.
Because sunlight is a common trigger, avoiding excessive exposure to sun is widely recommended. Some people with rosacea benefit from daily use of a sunscreen, while others opt for wearing hats with broad brims. Like sunlight, emotional stress can also serve as a trigger for rosacea.
Therapy for the treatment of rosacea is not curative, and is best measured in terms of reduction in the amount of erythema and inflammatory lesions, decrease in the number, duration, and intensity of flares, and concomitant symptoms of itching, burning, and tenderness. While medications often produce a temporary remission of redness within a few weeks, the redness typically returns shortly after treatment is suspended. Long-term treatment, usually one to two years, may result in permanent control of the condition for some patients. Lifelong treatment is often necessary, although some cases resolve after a while and go into a permanent remission.Acne rosacea improves quickly with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory products like a beta-hydroxy acid (salicylic) and benzoyl peroxide.
Home Care Products
It is important to avoid harsh cleansers, scrubs and anything with alcohol in it. Gentle cleansers, propylene glycol-free mandelic serums and low-dose benzoyl peroxide are the best products to use when treating all grades of rosacea.
Recommended home care products:
- Daily Wash without Sulfates
- Mandelic Serum without propylene-glycol
- UV Clear Sunscreen with Niacinamide
- Low-Dose Clearing Gel (2.8% benzoyl peroxide)
When used correctly, these products can alleviate the rosacea symptoms–usually within a month of use. There is no cure for rosacea, but the right products used in the right way can be your best rosacea remedy.
Check out our entire line of acne products
and get clear, once and for all!